The third major earthquake to occur in the state in 23 years (after the 1971 San Fernando Valley and 1989 San Francisco–Oakland earthquakes), the Northridge earthquake was the state’s most destructive one since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 and the … The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. The most notable was to the Santa Monica Freeway, Interstate 10, known as the busiest freeway in the United States, congesting nearby surface roads for three months while the freeway was repaired. The United States Postal Service suspended all mail service throughout the Los Angeles area for several days. The building containing the set was later "red tagged" as unsafe due to the damage it sustained. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Depth 19.0 km (11.8 mi) Epicenter location 34°12′25″N 118°32′06″W / 34.207°N 118.535°W / 34.207; 118.535 Coordinates: 34°12′25″N 118°32′06″W / 34.207°N 118.535°W / 34.207; -118.535. More than 80,000 people perished as a result of the quake, while an estimated 4 million ...read more, The powerful earthquake killed more than 10,000 and left another 30,000 others injured and as many as a quarter of a million people homeless. The earthquake also gained worldwide attention because of damage to the vast freeway network, which serves millions of commuters every day. [citation needed]. In response, the California Legislature created the California Earthquake Authority (CEA), which is a publicly managed but privately funded organization that offers minimal coverage. Earthquake facts. All MTA bus lines operated service with detours and delays on the day of the quake. Periodic rumbles were nothing new to Alaskans—four out of every five U.S. earthquakes occur in the state—but the quake that struck at 5:36 p.m. local time on Good Friday was unlike any ...read more, San Francisco’s location along the San Andreas Fault means that the city is, and always will be, prone to earthquakes. As a result, the state legislature passed a law requiring all hospitals in California to ensure that their acute care units and emergency rooms would be in earthquake-resistant buildings by January 1, 2005. The earthquake, which occurred on a blind thrust fault, was one of the strongest ground motions ever recorded in North America. Although the vast majority of homes in the area, with the exception of a few particular neighborhoods, were relatively unaffected; many feared an aftershock to rival or exceed the severity of the first one. The Martin Luther King Jr. [25], Sixteen people were killed as a result of the collapse of the Northridge Meadows apartment complex. Schneider, E., Hajjeh, R. A., Spiegel, R. A., Jibson, R. W., Harp, E. L., Marshall, G. A., . Northridge Earthquake facts. [citation needed] Estimates of total damage range between $13 and $40 billion.[30]. At 4:30 am, on January 17, 1994, residents of the greater Los Angeles area were rudely awakened by the strong shaking of the Northridge earthquake. Especially hard hit was the area between Santa Monica Canyon and Saint John's Hospital, a linear corridor that suffered a significant amount of property damage. The Oviatt Library experienced both interior and exterior damage, but the overall frame of the central part of the building remained stable, allowing student use to continue. [37] The season five episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Pie" was due to begin shooting on January 17 before stage sets were damaged. [52] CSUN also received assistance from government agencies FEMA and OES to support the recovery effort and serve the needs of the local community. The main courtroom set was in shambles. FM radio stations such as KRTH, KIIS, KOST and KCBS radio were bringing special reports when morning show hosts Robert W. Morgan, Rick Dees and Charlie Tuna were calling Los Angeles residents and others from their sister stations to bring their belongings to the stations and advising people not to drink water. The Northridge earthquake led to a number of legislative changes. Jama, 277(11), 904-908. Northridge Earthquake By Jake and Jordi Damage Quick Facts The Northridge earthquake caused extensive damage to parking structures and freeway overpasses Northridge earthquake triggered landslides in the Santa Susana Mountains, Santa Monica Mountains, and western San Gabriel [14] It occurred on a previously undiscovered fault, now named the Northridge Blind Thrust Fault (also known as the Pico Thrust Fault). The quake had a duration of approximately 10–20 seconds, and its peak ground acceleration of 1.82 g0 (17.8 m/s2)[7][8] was the highest ever instrumentally recorded in an urban area in North America. [50] The Fine Arts Building and the South Library experienced internal structural damage, resulting in the demolition and replacement of both buildings. By KTAR Newsroom January 16, 2014 at 5:00 pm. There were no immediate foreshocks. Following the Northridge disaster, which was responsible for estimated damages in excess of $20 billion, the majority of insurance companies representing homeowners in California severely restricted–or completely stopped offering—new policies because the law required them to also offer earthquake coverage. Additionally, many businesses were forced to relocate or use temporary facilities in order to accommodate structural damage to their original locations or the difficulty accessing them. Northridge earthquake of 1994, earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California, U.S., on Jan. 17, 1994. The 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake (M=5.9), like the Northridge shock, occurred on a buried, previously unknown fault. The campus was unable to use any of its classrooms because of the damage the buildings sustained. [16], Damage occurred up to 85 miles (137 km) away, with the most damage in the west San Fernando Valley, and the cities and neighborhoods of Santa Monica, Hollywood, Simi Valley and Santa Clarita. Gazzarri's nightclub suffered irreparable damage and had to be torn down. Most of Alaska’s mainland felt the magnitude 9.2 earthquake, which wobbled Seattle’s Space Needle some 1,200 miles ...read more, [slideshow]As the sunlight waned on March 27, 1964, Alaska’s frozen ground shivered violently. Interruptions to road transport caused Metrolink to experiment with service to Camarillo in February and Oxnard in April,[42][43] which continues today as the Ventura County Line, and extended the Antelope Valley Line almost ten years ahead of schedule. The 1994 Northridge earthquake, however, resulted in … LOS ANGELES (AP) – The 1994 Northridge earthquake shook Los … The Church on the Way, which is near the epicenter, suffered moderate damage to the church campus building. [40][41] James E. Roberts was chief bridge engineer with Caltrans and was placed in charge of the seismic retrofit program for Caltrans until his death in 2006. Numerous Los Angeles museums, including the Art Deco Building in Hollywood, were closed, as were numerous city shopping malls. Facts about the 1994 Northridge earthquake. Universal Studios Hollywood shut down the Earthquake attraction, based on the 1974 motion picture blockbuster, Earthquake. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The Archdiocese of Los Angeles's Cathedral of St. Vibiana suffered severe damage and canceled activities until a new cathedral was built in 2002. At the Northridge Meadows apartment complex, 16 people were killed, all of whom lived on the first floor, when the three-story, stucco-and-wood structure fell down on them. He likely did not realize until too late in the early morning darkness that the elevated roadway had collapsed. Study raises Northridge quake death toll to 72. Additional damage occurred about 50 miles (80 km) southeast in the city of Anaheim, located in Orange County, as the scoreboard at Anaheim Stadium collapsed onto several hundred seats. . When the Northridge earthquake struck at 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994, it left much of the city in ruins with buildings and freeways collapsed. The earthquake had a strong moment magnitude at around 6.7, although ground acceleration was one of the highest ever recorded in an urban region of North America. The Los Angeles Unified School District closed local schools throughout the area, which reopened one week later. While many businesses remained closed in the days following the quake, some infrastructure was not able to be rebuilt for months, even years later. [31] Numerous fires were also caused by broken gas lines from houses shifting off their foundations or unsecured water heaters tumbling. The Los Angeles Clippers of the NBA had three home games postponed or moved to other venues. Due to the large amount lost by insurance companies, most insurance companies either stopped offering or severely restricted earthquake insurance in California. Some structures were not red-tagged until months later because the damage was not immediately evident. NBC station KNBC was the first television station to go on the air, with reporter Joe Rico beginning the station's coverage just two minutes after the earthquake began[54] while anchors Kent Shocknek, Carla Aragon, Colleen Williams and Chuck Henry were producing special reports throughout the morning. [56] A substantial effort was also made to reinforce freeway bridges against seismic shaking, and a law requiring water heaters to be properly strapped was passed in 1995. The 1994 Northridge Earthquake Northridge Earthquake: 1994 quake still fresh in Los Angeles minds after 20 years The 4:31 a.m. jolt hit Los Angeles from 11 … Strong ground motion was felt as far away as Las Vegas, Nevada, about 220 miles (350 km) from the epicenter. The seismic event killed two CSUN students at the Northridge Meadows Complex along with 14 other residents. [11] The death toll was 60, with more than 9,000 injured. Northridge Earthquake: Aftermath. All of the earthquake sequences in the Wes Craven film New Nightmare were filmed a month prior to the Northridge quake. LOS ANGELES (AP) — The 1994 Northridge earthquake shook Los Angeles residents from their sleep, caused freeways to … At least 57 people perished, while thousands more were injured. A coccidioidomycosis outbreak following the Northridge, Calif, earthquake. The campus still opened and provided students with mobile classrooms and mobile offices. The analysis of the effect of Northridge earthquake on behavior of structures has been investigated by many researchers. An estimated $350 million (equivalent to $600 million today) was used to supply the number of trailers and domes which housed classes and administration offices. [29] The stadium was vacant at the time. "Fatal and hospitalized injuries resulting from the 1994 Northridge earthquake", https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-iris-adrian-1440804.html, "25 Years Later: The Desperate Search for Survivors at Northridge Meadows Apartments", "Federal Highway Administration Research and Technology", "Interchange Named for Officer Who Died in Quake", "Earthquake: Disaster Before Dawn: Scoreboard Crashes Onto Seats in Anaheim Stadium: Collapse: The 17.5-ton Sony 'Jumbotron' also destroyed a section of roof as it broke loose and fell to the left-field upper deck", "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Dangerous L.A. apartment buildings most at risk in an earthquake are quickly being fixed", "Earthquake: The Long Road Back: Hospitals Strained to the Limit by Injured: Medical care: Doctors treat quake victims in parking lots. A motorcycle police officer died when his vehicle plunged off of a just-collapsed section of freeway. Therefore, caution should be taken in seismic design of diaphragm walls using ACI 318 code requirements. Although several commercial buildings also collapsed, loss of life was minimized because of the early morning hour of the quake, and because it also occurred on a federal holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day). On April 18, 1906, an earthquake and subsequent fires devastated San Francisco, California, leaving more than 3,000 people dead and destroying more than 28,000 buildings. https://www.history.com/topics/natural-disasters-and-environment/1994-northridge-earthquake. It was the last deadly quake to strike a U.S. metropolitan region. Learn 1994 Northridge earthquake facts for kids. For example, the behavior of underground walls has been evaluated for the Northridge earthquake using numerical methods. On January 17, 1994, an earthquake rocks Los Angeles, California, killing 54 people and causing billions of dollars in damages.The Northridge quake … How big was the earthquake? All Rights Reserved. Another important factor was that the building and safety codes in Los Angeles had been strengthened following a powerful quake in the San Fernando Valley in 1971 (also called the Sylmar Earthquake). Subsequently, a team was sent out to film footage of the quake-damaged areas of the city. California engineers had classified and codified building irregularities as early as 1980s. Werner, S. B. (1997). [49] In the Science Complex, Building #1 and #2 suffered fire damage while the bridges connecting buildings #3 #4 were closed and named unstable. At 4:31 a.m. on January 17, 1994, a 6.7-magnitude quake struck the San Fernando Valley, a densely populated area of Los Angeles located 20 miles northwest of the city’s downtown. The California Institute of Technology issued a summary of facts on the Northridge earthquake’s first anniversary. The Northridge Earthquake: January 17, 1994. All 58 buildings on campus sustained significant damage, resulting in a $406 million recovery effort (equivalent to $700 million today). L'inscription et … From the ones we know about, the deadliest by far happened in China in 1556 A.D. On January 23 of that year, a powerful quake rocked the province of Shaanxi as well as the neighboring province of Shanxi, killing an ...read more. The earthquake had a strong moment magnitude at around 6.7, although ground acceleration was one of the highest ever recorded in an urban region of North America . An unusual effect of the Northridge earthquake was an outbreak of coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever) in Ventura County. The game scheduled against the Sacramento Kings was postponed, the game against the Cleveland Cavaliers was relocated to The Forum (then the home arena of the Los Angeles Lakers), and the game against the New York Knicks was moved to the Arrowhead Pond (now Honda Center) in Anaheim. [24] Not only were they unable to serve their local neighborhoods, but they also had to transfer out their inpatient populations, which further increased the burden on nearby hospitals that were still operational. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Northridge Earthquake of 1994: Ground Motions and Geotechnical Aspects", "Northridge 1994: 6.7 – 1km NNW of Reseda, CA", https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70208422, "Significant Earthquakes of the World 1994", "The Large Aftershocks of the Northridge Earthquake and their Relationship to Mainshock Slip and Fault Zone Complexity", "Remembering The Northridge Earthquake 27 Years Later", "1994 Quake Still Fresh in Los Angeles Minds", "Show Event – NGDC Natural Hazard Images", "USGS Northridge Earthquake 10th Anniversary", "Southern California Earthquake Data Center". The 1994 Northridge Earthquake was a violent natural disaster that took place on Monday, January 17, 1994 at 0430 Pacific Standard Time around the Los Angeles area. Geological Survey and Southern California Earthquake Center: The magnitude 6.7 Northridge, California, earthquake of 17 January 1994. Amtrak ceased service in the Pasadena Subdivision following structural damage to a rail bridge in Arcadia and redirected all rail traffic through Riverside and Fullerton. Twenty-five years ago the Northridge earthquake destroyed my high school and upended our lives. The Northridge earthquake of 1994 was an earthquake that struck the densely populated San Fernando Valley in southern California on January 17, 1994. Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan declared a state of emergency and issued curfews in the area, while Governor Pete Wilson and President Bill Clinton visited Los Angeles to tour the area. But that doesn’t have to mean it’s prone to devastation. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The earthquake was magnitude 6.7 on a previously unidentified thrust fault, creating strong horizontal and vertical ground motion lasting up to 10 seconds. [12] In addition, property damage was estimated to be $13–50 billion (equivalent to $22–86 billion in 2014),[13] making it one of the costliest natural disasters in U.S. history. [citation needed] Mark & Brian's morning show on KLOS was also affected. Description. Six new stations opened in six weeks. It was closed for the second time since the Loma Prieta earthquake. However, school buildings (K-12), which are required by California law to be reinforced, in general, survived fairly well. [57], Section of collapsed low-rise apartment buildings, Lifestyle disruptions in the weeks following. While investigating facts about Northridge Earthquake Magnitude and Northridge Earthquake 1987, I found out little known, but curios details like:. [15] Several other faults experienced minor rupture during the main shock and other ruptures occurred during large aftershocks, or triggered events. Despite the fact that the disaster was one of the most powerful and destructive quakes ever to hit a populated area of the United States, ...read more, The 1964 Alaska earthquake, the strongest earthquake ever recorded in North America, struck Alaska’s Prince William Sound, about 74 miles southeast of Anchorage. [29] The theme parks Disneyland, Knott's Berry Farm and Six Flags Magic Mountain were shut down after the quake, but only for inspections since all were designed with earthquakes in mind. The quake ruptured the San Andreas fault to the north and south of the city, for a total of 296 miles, and ...read more, On September 21, 1999, an earthquake in Taiwan killed more than 2,400 people, destroyed or damaged thousands of buildings and left an estimated 100,000 people homeless. 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